Important news topics from August 1, 2020, which are critical for UPSC CSE Examination
1. Muslim Women’s Right Day
National Commission for Minorities organised a virtual conference on the occasion of Muslim Women Rights Day.
It is celebrated every year on August 1, the day Triple Talaaq was made criminal offence in India.
The law which makes social evil of Triple Talaaq a criminal offence has strengthened “self-reliance, self-respect and self-confidence” of the Muslim women of the country.
The aim to celebrate this day is to help Muslim Women in realising the goals of Political Empowerment and not Political Exploitation and push governments to undertake bold and big reforms for emancipation of Muslim Women.
2. Draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification 2020
- Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has published the draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification 2020, with the intention of replacing the existing EIA Notification, 2006 under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
- New draft contains provisions for a post facto clearance of projects, and abandoning the public trust doctrine.
- Under this draft projects operating in violation of the EPA can now apply for clearance.
- Under Clause 26 of the EIA draft, 40 different types of industries will be exempted from the need for prior environmental clearance. This includes projects labelled as ‘strategic’ by the government.
3. Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s 100th Death Anniversary
- 23rd July 1856 – 1st August 1920
4. Gramodyog Vikas Yojana
- Gramodyog Vikas Yojana aims to promote and develop the village industries through common facilities, technological modernization, training etc.
- The scheme is under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
- Under the scheme, R&D support would be given to the institutions that intend to carry product development, new innovations, design development, product diversification processes etc.
- Recently, Government has placed Agarbatti under restricted trade in the import duty and enhanced the import duty from 10% to 25% on rounded bamboo sticks.
- Recently, a new programme has also been approved under the scheme for the benefit of artisans involved in manufacturing of Agarbatti under which, Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), will provide training, and assist artisans with manufacturing machines.
5. Alliance to End Plastic Waste
- Alliance to End Plastic Waste was founded in 2019 as a nonprofit organisation (HQ Singapore), joined by nearly 50 companies across the plastics value chain, who have committed to invest USD 1.5 billion towards solutions that will prevent the leakage as well as recover and create value from plastic waste.
- It helps to solve the serious and complex issue of 8 million tons of plastic waste entering the ocean every year.
- Recently, it has announced to invest between USD 70 million to 100 million in India over the next five years to reduce plastic waste.
- Currently, the organisation is working on the Project Aviral which aims to reduce plastic waste in the Ganga River.
6. National Transit Pass System (NTPS)
- Union Environment Ministry launched the National Transit Pass System (NTPS), an online system for issuing transit permits for timber, bamboo and other forest produce.
- Mobile application e-pass will be issued for transit of forest produce.
- NTPS will bring ease of business and expedite issuance of transit permits for timber, bamboo and other minor forest produce without physically going to forest offices.
- The pilot project will be functional in Madhya Pradesh and Telangana for now and the system will be will be operational in all states by November 2020, to enhance seamless movement of forest produce.
7. Polar Bears
- A recent study has shown that Polars bear could get extinct by year 2100 unless global house gas emissions are reduced.
- IUCN Status: Vulnerable
8. Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme
- It is under the Union Ministry of Rural Development.
- It is the merger of two centrally sponsored schemes namely,
- Computerisation of Land Records (CLR).
- Strengthening of Revenue Administration and Updating of Land Records (SRA&ULR).
- The DILRMP has 3 major components
- Computerisation of land records.
- Computerisation of Registration.
- The State Governments/UT Administrations will implement the programme with financial and technical supports from the Dept. of Land Resources.
- The district will be taken as the unit of implementation, where all activities under the programme will converge
Side Note: Recently, Union Ministry of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj has released a booklet on “Best Practices in Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme (DILRMP)”.