Important news topics from August 2, 2020, which are critical for UPSC CSE Examination

1. Bharat Air Fibre Services

  • Union Minister of State for HRD, Electronics, Communication, and IT, Govt Of India, inaugurated “Bharat Air Fibre Services” at Akola in Maharashtra.
  • Initially services are for residents of Akola & Washim district, who will get Wireless Internet Connections on demand.
  • BSNL had started to expand its fibre connectivity in a continuation of the effort that aims to connect 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats.
  • BSNL has introduced a new technology for Rural Areas of India at a reasonable price and provide a high-speed connection to every house in rural areas.
  • Bharat Air Fibre services aims of providing Wireless Connectivity in the range of 20 KMs from the BSNL Locations, providing connectivity upto 100 Mbps speed.
  • Bharat Air Fibre service will be launched on the unlicensed spectrum that has not been licensed to any entity as of now, so leaving scope for very less interference and a much better quality of relay.
  • Line-of-sight radio waves will be used to deploy the Bharat AirFibre and provide call-centre services to the villages.
  • The absence of WiFi routers and appliances like microwave ovens in villages makes them easier for the Bharat AirFibre services to work.

2. INST scientists develop simple economical nonsurgical prevention of cataract

  • A team of scientists from the Institute of Nano Science & Technology (INST) under the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India has developed nano-rods from the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) Aspirin an effective non–invasive small molecule-based nano-therapeutics against cataract.
  • Utility of NSAIDs like aspirin in this direction will open a new paradigm. This easy to use and low-cost alternative nonsurgical treatment method will benefit patients who cannot access expensive cataract treatments and surgeries.

3. Dhole Conservation in india

  • Also Known as Asiatic wild dog or Dhole (Cuon alpinus)
  • IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Dholes are among the most threatened yet under-studied species in India and across the world. IUCN has also estimated a declining population of less than 2,500 dholes are left in the world. They are among the very few carnivores that are both forest-dependent and group-living.
  • Scientists from Wildlife Conservation Trust and National Centre for Biological Sciences found that Karnataka, Maharashtra and MP are adequately equipped to maintain high ranks in consolidating habitat and recover Dhole population and for this, they are increasing prey density and reducing pressure on forest.

4. Smart India Hackathon, 2020

  • Launched in 2017
  • Aim to create world’s biggest open innovation model.
  • 2020 Theme: No problem is too big, No idea is too small

5. MHRD’s Innovation Cell

  • Launched in 2018.
  • Aim is to systematically foster the culture of Innovation in all Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) across the country.
  • Focus on creating complete ecosystem which will foster the culture of Innovation across all educational institutions from ideas generation to pre-incubation, incubation and graduating from the incubator as successful start-ups.
  • It will also work on designing ranking system to identify institutions in the fore front of innovation.