Important news topics from August 3, 2020, which are critical for UPSC CSE Examination

1. (Draft) Defence Production and Export Promotion Policy 2020 (DPEPP)[source]

  • The Ministry of Defence has released draft Policy 2020 with an objective to achieve a turnover of Rs 1,75,000 Crores (USD 25 billion) including export of Rs 35,000 Crore (USD 5 billion) in Aerospace and Defence goods and services by 2025.
  • Aims to reduce dependence on imports and take forward Make in India initiatives through domestic design and development.

    More Details about DEPP, 2020

2. UK to mint coin in honour of Mahatma Gandhi[source]

  • The consideration is seen as part of efforts to celebrate achievements of people from the Black, Asian and other Minority Ethnic (BAME) communities.
  • The British Finance Minister has written a letter to the Royal Mint Advisory Committee (RMAC), to consider recognising the contribution of BAME communities on Britain’s coinage.
  • Triggered by the death of George Floyd, some British institutions began re-examining their past, which includes their history, colonialism and racism.

3. The Southern bench of the NGT has granted an interim stay on felling of coconut trees on Agatti Island in Lakshadweep[source]

  • Background
    • Recently, a petition was moved in the NGT over indiscriminate felling of coconut trees for a beach road.
    • The tree-felling was violating the Union Territory’s (UT) Integrated Island Management Plan (IIMP), which was formulated on the basis of a report submitted by the Supreme Court appointed Expert Committee (headed by Justice R.V. Raveendran, a former judge of the SC)

  • Concerns:
    • Due to the large scale felling of the coconut trees, local residents are affected from potential income loses from the tree produces.
    • These trees on coastline also have an environmental significance acting as a green belt and a buffer zone to protect the rest of the island during cyclones and other natural calamities.

4. Chinese Fleet near Ecuador[source]

  • Ecuador has expressed an official discomfort over the sighting of a flotilla of 260 mostly Chinese fishing vessels near the Galapagos archipelago (a part of Ecuador). The flotilla also consisted of some Liberia and Panama-flagged vessels which was detected in an international water corridor situated between two areas of Ecuadorian jurisdiction – 200 miles away from both the Galapagos Islands and mainland Ecuador.
  • Chinese ships are frequent in Ecuador’s waters during august month of the year due to the Cold Humboldt Current (Peru Current), that brings in nutrients leading to suitable conditions for a high congregation of marine species.

  • China’s Stand:
    • China maintains that it is a “responsible fishing nation” with a “zero tolerance” policy toward illegal fishing.
    • It also stated that China respects Ecuador’s measures to protect the environment and preserve marine resources.

5. Quadrilateral Dialogue: China, Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan[source]

  • Recently, China convened a quadrilateral dialogue with the Foreign Ministers of Afghanistan, Nepal and Pakistan.
  • Four-point Plan
    China proposed a four-point plan to contain the Covid-19 pandemic, boost economic recovery and resumption of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) infrastructure projects
  • China also proposed extending the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) to Afghanistan, as well as taking forward an economic corridor plan with Nepal, called the Trans-Himalayan Multi-dimensional Connectivity Network.