The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, making way for large scale, transformational reforms in both school and higher education sectors. This is the first education policy of the 21st century and replaces the thirty-four year old National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986, aligned to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
- New Policy aims for Universalisation of Education from pre-school to secondary level with 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030.
- GER in higher education to be raised to 50% by 2035.
- 3.5 crore seats to be added in higher education.
- NEP 2020 will bring 2 crore out of school children back into the main stream.
- Policy aims to achieve 100% youth and adult literacy.
- Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) changed to Ministry of Education.
- New 5+3+3+4 school curriculum with 12 years of schooling and 3 years of Anganwadi/Pre-schooling.
- Vocational Education to start from Class 6 with Internships.
- Teaching upto at least Grade 5 to be in mother tongue/regional language.
- Assessment reforms with 360 degree Holistic Progress Card, tracking Student Progress for achieving Learning Outcomes.
- Higher Education curriculum to have Flexibility of Subjects.
- Multiple Entry/Exit to be allowed with appropriate certification.
- Academic Bank of Credits to be established to facilitate Transfer of Credits.
- National Research Foundation to be established to foster a strong research culture.
- Affiliation System to be phased out in 15 years with graded autonomy to colleges
- National Educational Technology Forum to be created.
- Setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund, Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups.
- Higher Education Commission of India(HECI) will be set up as a single overarching umbrella body the for entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education. HECI to have four independent verticals – National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation, General Education Council (GEC ) for standard setting, Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding, and National Accreditation Council( NAC) for accreditation.
- New Policy promotes Multilingualism in both schools and Higher Education; National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit, Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation to be set up.